Today, two common and effective forms of talk therapy are Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and Interpersonal Therapy (IPT). Let’s take a look at the basics of each:
Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT) – Many people with depression or chronic anxiety disorders have negative, self-defeating ways of thinking that have become so automatic, they aren’t even aware of them. In CBT, a trained therapist helps you recognize and change these harmful patterns that can affect the way you feel about yourself, others and the world around you. For instance, someone with depression or chronic anxiety may have inappropriate guilt feelings about a particular situation and think, “It’s all my fault.” This can lead to feeling sad or hopeless, and it may be difficult to cope. Through CBT, people learn to break such cycles by replacing negative, unrealistic thoughts with more positive, realistic ones. By giving you a new understanding of how your thoughts affect your emotions, CBT can help relieve depression and chronic anxiety symptoms and keep them from coming back.